At 978 meters (3,210 ft), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. It is characterised by crags and general ruggedness. Wainwright describes it as being "...every inch a mountain". He goes on to write " ... Roughness and ruggedness are the necessary attributes ... [to make a mountain] ... and the Pike has these in greater measure than any other high ground in the country – which is just as it should be, for there is no higher ground than this." (Wainwright 1960, The Southern Fells, Scafell Pike, 5)
Scafell Pike (top centre) seen from the Long Green ridge leading to Scafell summit. This view of Scafell Pike shows its southern flank high above the path climbing from Cam Spout to Mickledore. The southern peak of Scafell Pike is more prominent from this direction. The main summit of Scafell Pike is slightly behind to the left. Ill Crag and Esk Hause can be seen on the top right of the image. Photograph by Ann Bowker.
Scafell Pike can be reached by fell walkers by a number of different routes. The routes start from different valleys around the foot of the Pike. These are the:
Sketch of Scafell Pike - viewed from the Wasdale side.
One characteristic noted by Wainwright and by any fell walker who has undertaken the walk from Borrowdale, Great Langdale and Eskdale, is the distance needed to be travelled to actually reach the summit. A friend of mine joked about needing to set up a base camp in order to reach Scafell Pike summit. The routes from Borrowdale and Eskdale, involve a great deal of walking before you actually see anything of Scafell Pike itself.
Alfred Wainwright advises walkers not to underestimate the amount of work required to reach Scafell Pike. He writes "The ascent of Scafell Pike is the toughest proposition the ‘collector of summits’ is called upon to attempt .... From all bases except Wasdale Head the climb is long and arduous and progress is slow: this is a full-day expedition, and the appropriate preparations should be made" (Wainwright 1960, Scafell Pike 12).
Part of the reason for this is that Scafell Pike is just one summit in a spectacular range of fells. So much walking over foothills is required before the main range is reached, and the final ascents are made. The exception to this is, as Wainwright points out above, the Wasdale Head via Lingmell Gill route, which is the most direct and hence the shortest distance.
Two Scafell Pike Routes - These two YouTube videos from Wasdale Mountain Rescue and Walking Englishman show a couple of different routes to Scafell Pike. The one made by Wasdale Mountain Rescue shows the above mentioned route from Wasdale Head via Lingmell Gill. The one made by Walking Englishman shows the route from Seathwaite in Borrowdale. The latter walk also includes the Scafell summit as well as Scafell pike.
Scafell Pike Map
This is a basic Map of the Scafell Pike range. Click on the map markers to see the names of the fells around Scafell Pike. There is an Ordnance Survey map of Scafell Pike on a separate page. This page also has a link to download a 3d Map of Scafell Pike with routes (displays in Google Earth).
The Scafell Pike Massif
The Scafell Pike massif includes the summits of Great End, Broad Crag, Ill Crag, Scafell Pike, Lingmell and Scafell. It is interesting to note that Scafell and Scafell Pike are actually two separate neighbouring fells. Wainwright also classifies Great End as being a separate fell in its own right, whilst Ill Crag and Broad Crag are regarded as being two of the three Scafell Pikes. Writing about Ill Crag, Broad Crag and Scafell Pike, along with the rest of the Scafell range, Wainwright notes that “The three summits rise from the main spine of an elevated ridge which keeps above 2800 feet to its abrupt termination in the cliffs of Great End, facing north to Borrowdale; lower spurs then run down to that valley. In the opposite direction, southwest, across the deep gulf of Mickledore, is the tremendous rock-wall of the neighbouring and separate mountain of Scafell” (Wainwright 1960, Scafell Pike 5).
At 964 meters, Scafell is not quite as high as Scafell Pike. But despite this fact, Wainwright notes that Scafell is traditionally regarded as the "superior" mountain in the range. The reason for this is to do with spectacular rock faces above Mickledore. He writes "This respect is inspired not by the western flank going down to Wasdale nor by the broad southern slopes ending in the Eskdale foothills but rather by the towering rampart of shadowed crags, facing north and east below the summit, a spectacle of massive strength and savage wildness but without beauty, an awesome and a humbling scene" (Wainwright 1960, Scafell 2).
One of the best vantage points for seeing the whole the Scafell range is the summit of Bowfell above Great Langdale. From here it is possible to see the whole ridge from Great End, past Ill Crag, Broad Crag, Scafell Pike itself and Scafell. From here the Cliffs of Broad Stand which separate Scafell from Scafell Pike above Mickledore are very pronounced.
This view of the Scafell range is looking west across Upper Eskdale to Scafell Pike in the centre. Scafell itself is on the left, with the cliffs of Broad Stand towering above the col of Mickledore. Broad Stand is impassable to walkers. As Wainwright wrote in his book on the Southern Fells, "The greatest single obstacle confronting ridge-walkers on the hills of Lakeland is the notorious Broad Stand, with which every traveller from Scafell Pike to Scafell comes face to face at the far end of the Mickledore traverse. Obstacles met on other ridges can be overcome or easily by-passed; not so Broad Stand" (Wainwright 1960, Scafell 3). As such, routes between Scafell Pike and Scafell involve a steep descent from Mickledore to Lords Rake (west) or the gulley leading to Foxes Tarn (east) before the ascent to Scafell summit can be made. Photograph by Ann Bowker.
The Scafell range seen from the summit of Great Gable. Lingmell Crag is located in the foreground with Scafell Pike behind and slightly to the left. Broad Crag can be seen to the left of the main Pike, and Scafell itself can be seen surrounded by cloud on the right. Pikes Crag and Pulpit Rock are also visible on the right flank of Scafell Pike. Photograph by Ann Bowker.